PAT Testing Procedure

Portable Appliance Testing (or PAT Testing) is a legally required method of testing portable appliances. There are many stages that go towards the testing process. It will end with either a pass or fail result.

Portable Appliance Testing needs to look at certain safety elements. Amongst the things that can cause the failure is damage to cables, plugs and wires, overheating and signs of water damage. There should be no bare wires and no sign of internal damage.

The testing needs to be done according to the IEE (Institute of Electrical Engineers) guidelines. Before testing takes place anyone who is not part of the testing team should leave the premises.

The most basic part of the testing process is the visual inspection. Over 90% of problems are said to be found during this part of the process. It consists of the tester looking at the appliance and seeing if there are any obvious issues.

Here the tester will be able to see any poor wiring, cracked casing, bent pins and other damage. These are the most basic areas where appliances fail the PAT test.

The location that a particular appliance is used needs to be inspected. There must be sufficient ventilation (depending one the needs of the equipment), the area cannot be unreasonably damp, and controls to the equipment must be easily accessible.

An Earth Bond Test needs to be carried out during the testing process. Electrical Test Equipment is necessary for this part of the procedure. This is a test between the earth bond and continuity between the plug pin and external components. The voltage and test current is assessed during this process.

Other parts of the test are the insulation test and operational test.

The insulation test is necessary to ensure the insulation resistance is safe. The operational test simply consists of the tester switching the equipment on and testing out certain regular functions that it should perform, and making sure its performance is as expected.

Once testing has been completed the result of the PAT test should be clearly stated. The most common method of this is simply placing a label on the equipment. The label will say whether the appliance has passed or failed, and should also include more specific details of its condition. It will give the date of the test and the date at which another test will be necessary.

Equipment that is faulty or damaged should be removed from service immediately. It can then be determined whether or not the seriousness of the damage is sufficient for the equipment to be out of use.

PAT testing records are required to be kept for the duration of the life of the appliance. This is a legal necessity as it shows that tests have been carried out and the results of them.

Computer Glasses Ease Eye Strain

How to avoid getting headaches, blurry vision and tired eyes after a day of working on a computer? There’s an easy answer: Computer glasses! The strain on your eyes from working on a computer is a real condition, and it even has a name: computer vision syndrome (CVS). Experts say that looking at computers simply requires your eyes to work in ways that other activities don’t.

Wait a minute, you say. I already wear glasses. And I still get blurry, tired eyes. There are reasons for that. Ergonomics experts – the folks who measure how your body performs tasks – note that most computer screens sit 20 to 26 inches from your eyes. Your eye doctor calls this range the intermediate zone of vision – closer than distance vision, but farther away than reading.

Most people under age 40 who wear glasses get them to correct their distance vision. Those of us over age 40 often get eyeglasses to correct the onset of a condition known as presbyopia – the loss of focusing ability that’s normal as we age. The problem is, eyeglasses made to correct either of these conditions don’t address what’s happening in the intermediate zone of vision – that space between you and your computer screen! Even bifocals, trifocals and progressive lenses aren’t made for computer-range vision.

Recent research has supported the use of computer glasses. The researchers found that even when CVS symptoms weren’t reported, workers clearly showed differences in their productivity and accuracy. So you can just pick up a pair of computer glasses at the local office supply store, right? Well, maybe. The advantage to buying off the rack is clearly price, but if you have other vision problems, those single-lens glasses might not be the best for you. Experts say the trick to getting that off-the-rack pair is to test them by reading something that’s the same distance from your eyes as the computer screen — 20 to 26 inches.

There can be bifocals, trifocals or occupational progressive lenses. The advantage to these more expensive styles is that you’ll be able to see clearly whether you’re looking at your computer, reading notes on your desk or winking at that cute co-worker across the cubicle from you. The drawbacks, of course, are that these styles require a visit to your eye doctor and usually cost around 0 or more.

Corporate Gifts – Travel Bags and Accessories

We understand that professional people are workaholic. Perhaps, one of the most popular are travel bags and briefcases. For corporates in particular, you can find travel bags with touch of class and elegance. Both local and online stores made these travel accessories available with different range of prices. The impact of each year’s trend for travel bags made difference for those people who are always on the. There are other great choices of travel bags that can fit in professionals taste.

One of today’s hottest trend for traveler’s bags are those that were made personalized. Just like any ordinary choices, personalized travel bags come in different variety. Personalized gifts for travelers especially for corporates can make a one of a kind accessory during traveling. There are other choices for personalized travel bags intended not only for business trips, like a Personalized Duffle Bag, Personalized Golf Trunk Organizer and Personalized Slum Dank Duffle Bag for those professional travelers who are sports enthusiast. While a Personalized Picnic Blanket Tote, Personalized Grill Combo Outdoor Kit and a Personalized Barbecue Cooler Kit for those professionals who are always enjoying their weekend with personal family getaway.

Other travel gears you may consider are travel belt, shirts and pants, coat and jackets, cosmetic and grooming kits, and more. You may find them more adorable if they were made personalized perfect to give as gifts during celebration like weddings, these items could be best man gift ideas or perhaps gifts for ushers. So, why not give such cool and unique gifts for professional traveler’s?

Small Business Web Design – Enhance Online Presence

With an efficiently designed website, small business dealers can create a good impression and attract more people to their business. Small business web design services are now provided by leading companies in the field which aim at enhancing the online presence of their clients, thereby bringing more visitors to these websites.

Small business web design companies utilize the services of web developers and talented SEO professionals. Depending on the business owners’ needs, they carry out any sort of web design including data driven, custom, multimedia, flash, and E commerce. These providers can also redesign your existing website for a better look.

With creatively designed websites, proper communication with the website visitors can be attained. An ideal designer highlights the company products and information, appropriately blending graphics and advertising tools. Web designers take care of all aspects involved such as planning, designing, page layout and final finishing touches.

Besides having search engine optimized content, websites have to be effectively designed if you want to attract the right people to your business. To draw more customers, web designers normally utilize effective web design tools. Java, Flash, Video, Audio, CSS based and fast loadable websites are designed by the professionals. Incorporating innovative technology programs such as XML, MySQL, XHTML, PHP, and Javascript, they provide attractive website designs.

Professional website designing is available for all kinds of websites such as those dealing with real estate, finance, E-commerce, education, medicine, family, teens and more. Nowadays these services are available at economical rates to meet the needs of small businesses and home based businesses.

A perfectly designed website will be search engine friendly, meta tag optimized and properly linked with the other pages. So, if you wish to redesign your existing website or are planning to design a new one for your small business, ensure that you associate with a reliable and experienced web design service provider.

Drug Addiction Treatment Facilities For Teenagers in Rehab

Teen drug addiction treatment includes methadone maintenance, drug-free programs and psychological treatments. These drug addiction treatment facilities are offered to any kind of alcohol abuse in teens. Public and private sectors are offering various addiction treatment facilities for struggling teenagers, which is very helpful and supportive to recover from addictions.

All the treatments are professionally designed with years of experience in treating drug addicted teens. Specialists design a treatment approach for each individual based on the initial analysis of teen addiction. Majority of drug rehab centers provide various result oriented facilities such as boarding programs, day programs, individual support, good playgrounds, clinical facilities which bring a new change in teenagers.

The boarding facilities of these rehab centers are very attractive and helpful. Most of these boarding rehab centers offer twenty four hour helpline services to drug addicted teens. Drug addiction treatments offered by Christian rehab centers are flexible for any kind of alcohol abusers. These Christian rehabs offer price less services to affordable cost. Most of the alcohol rehabs are state funded and offer various flexible financial options to drug addicted teens. They provide some special facilities for families with low income and experiencing various types of addiction problems.

The counseling services offered by the alcohol rehabs help teen addicts and families to understand the importance of alcohol addiction treatments in a specialized drug rehabs. Most of the addiction treatment centers offer same kind of facilities for boys and girls experiencing addictions. There are some single gender addiction treatment centers are also available for the disordered teenagers.

These single gender centers are very helpful for girls. They provide all necessary and modern addiction treatment facilities to teens with the help of drug addiction treatment specialists. The staff members of these centers are very caring, helpful and experienced in changing most of the addicted teens to responsible individuals.

Most of the drug treatment schools are very old and have good experience in helping addicted teens. Number of addiction treatment centers is increasing day by day as the addicts are increasing rapidly. At this crucial time choosing a recognized and experienced drug rehab is essential to come out of these drug addictions in a professional approach.

Travel Tips for Extended Stay Apartments in Toronto

Travelers often find hotel rooms expensive and too small to be comfortable after a week or two. The corporate housing industry has sprouted up to provide an alternative: accommodations are offered in serviced furnished apartments so that business people and others staying in a city for a month or more can take short-term leases on corporate suites in the part of the city that is preferred by the customer. Some executives prefer peace and quiet while others like to be close to the action.

The city of Toronto is a destination that most Canadian business people will visit at some point if they are company executives.

Most major corporations maintain offices in Ontario’s capitol so there is an endless flow of airport traffic, many quality hotels, and countless restaurants to serve visitors. For some, the 0 or so per night hotel room cost is not the main issue when the company budget is large; the executives however have greater needs for privacy and they may not want to dine out for every meal.

The corporate housing solution provides furnished apartments in condo buildings with all the amenities they are used to at home. The apartments have twice the floor space of hotel rooms – this allows the visitor to relax and settle in.

It’s doubtful that anyone would look forward to the formalities of hotel living after being in office meetings all day. A hotel room is little more than a place to sleep and shower. The urge to get out of the room usually results in a trip to the lounge or other public place to be around other people so less work gets done.

The average cost of a corporate suite is about 0 per night so for half the price you get twice the space plus closets, couches, kitchens, dishwashers, laundry machines, internet access, dinnerware, parking, sauna, gym, and swimming facilities in the building – everything that can satisfy the needs of someone who has to be away from home for several months. Chances are they will be working on the laptop much of the time in these days of telecommuting and remote virtual offices.

The companies that arrange these suites find suite owners who will be away or who rent units for profit and put them in the reservation system which customers can access online. Photos of the suites can help the guests choose the décor they prefer. The corporate housing business makes a marginal profit in normal times but the companies in Toronto suffered losses in the SARS (Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome) outbreak scare of 2003 when, in April of that year the World Health Organization advised that all but essential travel to Toronto should be avoided due the enormous Chinese population coming and going from their home country, possibly spreading the disease. This magnified to near-quarantine levels and destroyed the tourist trade for many months.

The scare turned out to be nothing substantial but the effect on the city’s economy was profound and long-lasting. So was the fear of touching door handles, eating in restaurants, being in crowds, shopping in stores, and shaking hands with people. The ripple effect seemed to cost everybody money. Toronto was so paralyzed by the SARS scare that a concert called “Molson Canadian Rocks for Toronto” featuring the Rolling Stones and AC/DC was put on to help revive the city’s tourist trade.

Healthy Family Lifestyle

This article discusses the influence of the family on a healthy lifestyle.

Diseases: A healthy family lifestyle always begins with a disease free lifestyle. A hundred years ago, people succumbed to communicable diseases like small pox, cholera, malaria, dysentery, tuberculosis etc. To a large extent, these diseases are well under control today if not totally eliminated from the face of the earth, thanks to advances in scientific research. Nowadays, we are plagued with different diseases. The world is plagued with modern diseases like AIDS, obesity, cancer, diabetes, cardiovascular diseases etc. Here are some alarming statistics:

o Cardiovascular diseases and stroke claim almost 18 million lives a year worldwide
o 750 million people worldwide are overweight of which 300 million are obese. Obesity is a more serious form of overweight and has been classified as a chronic disease
o This year about 547,000 Americans will die of cancer. Globally, approximately 7.6 million people die from cancer each year
o According to the American Diabetes Association, Type 2 diabetes grows annually at a rate of 5% since 1990

Prevention is better than cure. Healthy family lifestyle will mitigate many health risks only if you are aware of what is at stake. Educate your family about the diseases, and what they must do to prevent them.

Role of parents as role models: Children often look up to their parents as role models. Parents can influence children to a large extent to make a good start in life by inculcating in them good values. A healthy family lifestyle is a good starting point. It will instill in them the right values that they can pass on to their own families in future.

Healthy family lifestyle will require attention to the following areas:

1. Foods: Fundamentally important to healthy family lifestyle are foods and diets we ingest daily. It is a well known medical fact that foods have a very large role to play in the state of our health. Educate your family about good and bad food habits, but what better education there is than providing wholesome and nutritious foods for the family as a starting point. For example:

o Eating a balanced diet is important for the heart as well as making sure your family gets all the nutrients they need to grow.
o Avoid or reduce the intake of certain foods for example fast foods; these are often loaded with fats, salt and sugar and low in complex carbohydrates.
o Eating more plant based foods like fruits, vegetables, beans and legumes.
o Reducing sugar intake and avoid sugary drinks, salt and salt related food products like preserved meats (bacon, ham)

2. Maintaining right body weight: This is the single most important factor in maintaining a healthy family lifestyle. Many dreaded diseases owe their origins to overweight and obesity. Foremost among them are Type 2 diabetes, thyroid problem, cardiovascular disease, hypertension and many types of cancer. The importance of maintaining a healthy body weight can never be over-emphasized enough.

3. Exercise: Impress upon the importance of exercise. It is highly recommended for all of us to have half an hour of vigorous exercise or one hour of less vigorous exercise a day. Set a good example by doing it yourself. Lead a more physically active lifestyle and get the whole family involved. Get the children to play less computer games and more outdoor sports. Lead by example; don’t be a couch potato yourself! Do everything together the healthy family lifestyle way.

4. Smoking: Quit smoking. Cigarettes are known to be a leading cause for lung cancer and a host of other serious ailments. Besides, you don’t want your family exposed to second hand smoke, do you? Educate your children about the dangers of tobacco.

Healthy family lifestyle requires serious effort and commitment from you chiefly as the head of the family and co-operation from the whole family. The benefits far outweigh the effort.

Comparing Online Travel Services To Your Local Travel Agent

Sites such as Expedia, Orbitz, and Travelocity claim to offer the best price – sometimes even guaranteed. They may even claim to offer the best rates on a luxury world cruise, a trip that travel wholesalers publicly prefer to be sold by agents. The emergence of online travel sites have put many agencies out of business, and claim to have conquered the consumer base by offering quality product at a lower cost. When you call your local travel agency and ask for a price quote on an air and hotel luxury travel vacation package, most consumers will check against one of the more popular travel websites to see what prices better. True, two thirds of the time, you will find that the Internet will beat the travel agent price by about $150. The travel website will assure you that it is the same package. The resorts and hotels are aware that you are going to be in the most unfavorable rooms, in fact, that is why they sold them to the Internet travel site at a discounted rate in the first place.

Travel service sites proudly proclaim that they are able to further save customers money by selling large volumes of travel and collecting a smaller fee. Orbitz and Travelocity do have a large volume of travel reservations made, but what little they make in commission they make back in changed or canceled reservations. Most travel agencies offer a travel insurance that covers you and your travel companions if you should have to cancel for a medical or personal emergency.

American Express Travel offers a cancel for any reason insurance that even covers your airline tickets. These Internet booking engines are now beginning to offer “insurance,” but it rarely covers cancellations in full. Your local travel agent is there to offer the customer care you need back at home while you’re traveling abroad. When it comes to planning luxury travel vacation, you are truly better off using a travel agent. If you don’t like your room, your travel agent can have it fixed in a matter of moments. Travel agents are not focused on quantity, but quality. So travel safe, not sorry, and call a travel agent to hear more benefits that each agency offers their clients

The Top Tip For Career Employment and College Success

According to the study Workforce 2020, the number skill employers are seeking from college graduates is leadership closely followed by critical thinking, problem solving and team participation skills. Yet most career employment tips look to building impressive resumes to interviewing well because these more technical skills will get you on your path toward career employment. This belief is rooted in what I call the Osmosis learning factor because through absorption you will get everything you need.

The number one top tip for career employment and to secure college success is hardly if not rarely ever discussed. Why? Because those leading the discussion are just as clueless as those soon to be college graduates.

If you want college success (that being defined as graduating from college in 4 years and securing your ideal career employment, then your action is to write both a career and personal life plan. By taking this action, you are demonstrating leadership, critical thinking and problem solving skills.

Unfortunately, the majority of people in this country including college students place more value in the common written grocery list than they do planning their futures. Just think what happens when that written list of must buy items is left at home or the office?

* More money is spent
* More time is wasted
* More items are purchased that are not needed
* More emotions are wasted
* More energy is wasted

Let’s face it, the common written grocery list has more value than the future for the majority of citizens.

However this can be changed very quickly by establishing the goals you want for successful career employment and college success. For example, invest the time to writ down the following:

* Where do I see myself in 3 to 5 years?
* What company do I want to work for?
* What type of experience will I need?
* What type of person do I want to work for?
* How much money do I need to begin a successful career?

Then consider some or all of these action items:

1. Do you research about the industry, the job, the company and the people who work or are connected to the company (Career Coaching Tip: The Internet makes this far simpler than in years past.)
2. Begin using social media to connect with these individuals especially LinkedIn since this site is visited by more business people and recruiters than any other site. (Career Coaching Tip: Make sure your LinkedIn profile is 100% complete. Do not use your summary section as a resume. This is a big mistake. Your summary is where you share your compelling story, where you market without selling yourself, and also includes some results if possible.)
3. Start if you have not and continue business to business networking so that you begin to establish and further develop critical future business relationships
4. Make sure you have the sales skills, yes sales skills because this is all about the company buying you. (Career Coaching Tip: Everyone is in sales. It’s just some people get paid to be sales people.)
5. Invest the time to practice your communication skills with others such as friends, family members and even professional colleagues in the business world not necessarily the academic world. (Career Coaching Tip: Your non-verbal cues may torpedo any chances for that best job ever. Understand basic neuro-linguistic programming (NLP).)
6. Put together a schedule based upon your goals such as each Monday I will personally connect with 5 people, identify 5 positions, etc.
7. Work your plan and continue to plan your work by monitoring, measuring and managing your results

By being proactive you are now taking and creating your destiny because you have far more control that you probably realize. Through your predetermined thoughts and actions you are demonstrating you are a forward thinking leader and that is the first step to successful career employment and life success.

Dog Friendly Apps

Conveniently, there are many apps out on the market that are “pet” friendly. Our society enjoys the companionship that both dogs and cats have to offer. That is why companies have begun to help people who love their four-legged companions. Now help is at the convenience of a push of a button.

Traveling with your pup

If you are traveling with your pup, not all of the hotels you pass are going to let your canine friend stay in the room with you. That’s why “Android” has provided some apps that let you locate pet friendly places to stay for the night. “Hotel Planner” is an application designed to locate hotels nearest you.You can even save yourself a room at your convenience. The bonus is that the application informs you of their rules and regulations on your trusty companion. This can prevent the hassle of searching for a place for you and your canine friend to stay for the evening.

You’re tired, your pup is tired, you don’t want to be hotel hopping in the middle of the night. You can get ahead by being prepared for your next trip. “Hotel Booking” is another “Android” application that offers similar options, most importantly, being able to locate a nice place for you to spend the eve with your puppy.

Applications by “iPhone” do not yet provide pet friendly hotel locations, but do make your stay in an unfamiliar area more pleasant for you and your doggy. “Paw Trotter” seems to be the most universal app. It provides locations for all kinds of pet oriented locations that range from parks to veterinarian’s offices.If you are out of town, but still seeking some quality time with your pup, this application allows you to search for places throughout the United States.

If you come across a new location, they even ask you to submit it as an addition to their provider. ”Off Leash” is another application that uses GPS to specifically search for the five nearest dog friendly parks so that you can get your morning walk in, or enjoy a good game of fetch while out on the road.
Instant answers

If the worst situation happened to occur, “iPhone” offers an application called “PetMD.” It provides information that can help you help your canine friend in a bad scenario. This application may be a handy tool, especially if you are traveling and are not close to a veterinarian that you may trust. While traveling, a “pet doctor” is not always conveniently around. This application provides you with information that can range from broken bones to snake bites, so that you can assist your four-legged friend until you can get them to the vet. Optionally, “iPhone” offers an app called “Pet Notebook” that stores important information such as shot updates for your companion. This saves the hassle of carrying paperwork with you as you and your doggy enjoy a vacation away from home.

Whether you are on a business trip, or just getting away from the monotony of home, there are several phone applications that provide you and your friendly companion a safe and fun trip. Enjoy and Woof!